Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
Note 3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The significant accounting policies of the Company were described in Note 1 to the Audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022. Progressive Care became a consolidated subsidiary of the Company on July 1, 2023 and as a result the Company has incorporated certain significant accounting policies of Progressive Care for the three months ended September 30, 2023.
The Company places its cash with high credit quality financial institutions. The Company’s account at this institution is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to $250,000. All cash amounts in excess of $250,000, approximately $2.1 million, are unsecured. In April 2023, the Company entered into a deposit placement agreement for Insured Cash Sweep Service (“ICS”). This service is a secure, and convenient way to access FDIC protection on large deposits, earn a return, and enjoy flexibility. The Company believes that the ICS agreement will mitigate its credit risk as it relates to uninsured FDIC amounts in excess of $250,000.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company’s reporting currency is U.S. Dollars. The accounts of one of the Company’s subsidiaries, GTC, is maintained using the appropriate local currency, Great British Pound, as the functional currency. All assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. Dollars at balance sheet date, shareholders’ equity is translated at historical rates and revenue and expense accounts are translated at the average exchange rate for the year or the reporting period. The translation adjustments are reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity, captioned as accumulated other comprehensive (loss) gain. Transaction gains and losses arising from exchange rate fluctuations on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.
The relevant translation rates are as follows: for the nine months ended September 30, 2023, closing rate at $1.22 US$: GBP, quarterly average rate at $1.26 US$: GBP, for the nine months ended September 30, 2022, closing rate at $1.12 US$: GBP, quarterly average rate at $1.18 US$: GBP, for the year ended December 31, 2022 closing rate at 1.21 US$: GBP, yearly average rate at 1.24 US$: GBP.
Contract liabilities are shown separately in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as current liabilities. At September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, we had contract liabilities of approximately $29,000 and $36,000, respectively.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Progressive Care trade accounts receivable are stated at the invoiced amount. Trade accounts receivable primarily include amounts from third-party pharmacy benefit managers (“PBMs”) and insurance providers and are based on contracted prices. Trade accounts receivable are unsecured and require no collateral. Progressive Care records an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated differences between the expected and actual payment of accounts receivable. These reductions were made based upon reasonable and reliable estimates that were determined by reference to historical experience, contractual terms, and current conditions. Each quarter, the Progressive Care reevaluates its estimates to assess the adequacy of its allowance and adjusts the amounts as necessary. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price of over the value assigned to net tangible and identifiable intangible assets. Progressive Care is considered to be the reporting unit for goodwill. Acquired intangible assets other than goodwill are amortized over their useful lives unless the lives are determined to be indefinite. For intangible assets purchased in a business combination, the estimated fair values of the assets received are used to establish their recorded values. Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach, and/or cost approach are used to measure fair value. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are assessed annually for impairment in the fourth fiscal quarter and in interim periods if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets may be impaired.
Direct and Indirect Remuneration ("DIR") Fees
Progressive Care reports DIR fees as a reduction of revenue on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. DIR fees are fees charged by PBMs to pharmacies for network participation as well as periodic reimbursement reconciliations. For some pharmacy benefit managers ("PBMs"), DIR fees are charged at the time of the settlement of a pharmacy claim. Other PBMs do not determine DIR fees at the claim settlement date, and therefore DIR fees are collected from pharmacies after claim settlement, often as clawbacks of reimbursements based on factors that vary from plan to plan. For example, two PBMs calculate DIR fees on a trimester basis and charge Progressive Care for these fees as reductions of reimbursements paid to Progressive Care two to three months after the end of the trimester (e.g., DIR fees for January – April 20xx claims were charged by these PBMs in July – August 20xx). For DIR fees that are not collected at the time of claim settlement, Progressive Care records an accrued liability at each reporting date for estimated DIR fees that are expected to be collected by the PBMs in a future period. The estimated liability for these fees is highly subjective and the actual amount collected may differ from the accrued liability. The uncertainty of management’s estimates is due to inadequate disclosure to Progressive Care by the PBMs as to exactly how these fees are calculated either at the time the DIR fees are actually assessed and reported to Progressive Care. The detail level of the disclosure of assessed DIR fees varies based on the information provided by the PBM.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326) Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“ASU 2016-13”), which introduces an impairment model based on expected, rather than incurred, losses. Additionally, it requires expanded disclosures regarding (a) credit risk inherent in a portfolio and how management monitors the portfolio’s credit quality; (b) management’s estimate of expected credit losses; and (c) changes in estimates of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-19, “Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses.” This ASU clarifies receivables from operating leases are accounted for using the lease guidance and not as financial instruments. In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04, “Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments.” This ASU clarifies various scoping and other issues arising from ASU 2016-13. In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-03, “Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments.” This ASU improves the Codification and amends the interaction of Topic 842 and Topic 326. ASU 2016-13 and related amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2023 and the adoption had no material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. On an ongoing basis, the Company will contemplate forward-looking economic conditions in recording lifetime expected credit losses for the Company’s financial assets measured at cost, such as the Company’s trade receivables.
Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.
The Company has evaluated subsequent events through November [ ], 2023, the date the condensed consolidated financial statements were available to be issued. See Note  for subsequent events that require disclosure in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef